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Hyperthermia properties of hyaluronic acid-coated La₀.₇Sr₀.₃₋ₓBaₓMnO₃ nanoparticles

Chen, Yuanwei, Wang, Ying, Wang, Peng, Ma, Tianyong, Wang, Tao
Journal of materials chemistry 2018 v.6 no.14 pp. 2126-2133
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, absorption, biocompatibility, chelating agents, fever, hyaluronic acid, magnetism, milling, nanoparticles, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, particle size, polyvinyl alcohol, scanning electron microscopy, sol-gel processing, surfactants, transmission electron microscopy
In this work, La₀.₇Sr₀.₃₋ₓBaₓMnO₃ (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.15) magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized using a simple sol–gel method in the presence of polyvinyl alcohol as a chelating agent. Then the nanoparticles are coated by hyaluronic acid as the surfactant via high-energy ball milling for their possible application in biocompatible magnetic fluid hyperthermia. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometry, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and high-frequency induction heating studies. It was found that the hyaluronic acid-coated La₀.₇Sr₀.₂₅Ba₀.₀₅MnO₃ nanoparticles, with a particle diameter of ∼100 nm and a Curie temperature of 67 °C at a concentration of 5 mg mL⁻¹, gave the optimal induction heating results. The saturation heating temperature, the specific absorption rate, and the effective specific absorption rate are 44.1 °C, 60.1 W g⁻¹ and 0.14 W g⁻¹ kHz (kA m⁻²), respectively. The hyaluronic acid-coated La₀.₇Sr₀.₂₅Ba₀.₀₅MnO₃ nanoparticles with a suitable saturation heating temperature and a high specific absorption rate can be used as an effective heating source for the hyperthermia treatment of cancer. Their targeting ability towards cancer cells and good biocompatibility were also proved by cell experiments.