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Effects of the inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase on the development and GABA accumulation in germinating fava beans under hypoxia-NaCl stress

Yin, Yongqi, Cheng, Chao, Fang, Weiming
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.36 pp. 20456-20461
bean sprouts, catalytic activity, cotyledons, faba beans, gamma-aminobutyric acid, germination, glutamate decarboxylase, metabolism
Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) is the key enzyme in GABA shunt, which catalyzes the α-decarboxylation of glutamate to produce GABA. A specific inhibitor for GAD is convenient to study the dynamic balances of GABA metabolism in plants. The inhibitor of GAD in germinated fava beans was screened, and its inhibitory effect on the growth and GABA accumulation in fava beans during germination under hypoxia-NaCl stress was investigated. The inhibitory effect of aminoxyacetate for fava bean GAD was better than those of other chemicals, and it increased with the increase in concentration in vivo. After aminoxyacetate (5 mM) application for 4 days during germination, the GAD activity in germinating fava beans was significantly inhibited by more than 90% in both organs. Meanwhile, the growth of fava bean sprouts was also slightly suppressed. Moreover, the GABA contents decreased by 43.9% and 81.5% in a 4 day-old cotyledon and embryo, respectively, under aminoxyacetate treatment compared with that in the control. In summary, these results showed that aminoxyacetate can serve as a specific inhibitor of GAD in plants. At least 43.9% and 81.5% of GABA in germinating fava beans under hypoxia-NaCl stress were synthesized via GABA shunt.