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Construction of 2D/2D layered g-C₃N₄/Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ hybrid material with matched energy band structure and its improved photocatalytic performance

Shi, Lei, Si, Weiwei, Wang, Fangxiao, Qi, Wei
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.43 pp. 24500-24508
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ambient temperature, carbon nitride, chemical precipitation, electrons, energy, models, nanosheets, photocatalysis, photocatalysts, pollutants, rhodamines, sodium hydroxide, transmission electron microscopy, trapping
A series of visible-light-induced 2D/2D layered g-C₃N₄/Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ composite photocatalysts were successfully synthesized by a one step chemical precipitation method with g-C₃N₄, BiCl₃ and NaOH as the precursors at room temperature and characterized through XRD, FTIR, XPS, TEM, BET and UV-vis DRS measurements. The results of XRD, FTIR and XPS indicated that g-C₃N₄ has been introduced in the Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ system. The TEM image demonstrated that there was strong surface-to-surface contact between 2D g-C₃N₄ layers and Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ nanosheets, which contributed to a fast transfer of the interfacial electrons, leading to a high separation rate of photoinduced charge carriers in the g-C₃N₄/Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ system. Rhodamine B was considered as the model pollutant to investigate the photocatalytic activity of the resultant samples. The g-C₃N₄/Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ composite showed a clearly improved photocatalytic degradation capacity compared to bare g-C₃N₄ and Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂, which was ascribed to the interfacial contact between the 2D g-C₃N₄ layers and Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ sheet with a matched energy band structure, promoting the photoinduced charges' efficient separation. Finally, combined with the results of the trapping experiment, ESR measurements and the band energy analysis, a reasonable photocatalytic mechanism over the 2D/2D layered g-C₃N₄/Bi₁₂O₁₇Cl₂ composite was proposed.