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Ultrathin NiCo₂S₄@graphene with a core–shell structure as a high performance positive electrode for hybrid supercapacitors
- Yu, Feng, Chang, Zheng, Yuan, Xinhai, Wang, Faxing, Zhu, Yusong, Fu, Lijun, Chen, Yuhui, Wang, Hongxia, Wu, Yuping, Li, Weishan
- Journal of materials chemistry 2018 v.6 no.14 pp. 5856-5861
- capacitance, electric potential difference, electrochemistry, electrodes, energy density, graphene, redox reactions, transmission electron microscopy
- NiCo₂S₄ is a promising material for supercapacitors owing to its merits of high conductivity and activity in redox reactions. However it suffers poor cycling stability due to structural degradation of the electrode through the redox process. Herein we demonstrate a facile method for the synthesis of a NiCo₂S₄/graphene composite where NiCo₂S₄ is encapsulated with an ultrathin graphene layer to form a core/shell structure (NiCo₂S₄@G). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicates that the shell is only 3–5 layers of graphene and the NiCo₂S₄ particle core has a uniform size of around 5–7 nm. The NiCo₂S₄@G composite exhibits excellent electrochemical performance with a specific capacitance of 1432 F g⁻¹ at a current density of 1 A g⁻¹. A hybrid supercapacitor assembled using the synthesized NiCo₂S₄@G as a positive electrode and porous carbon as a negative electrode demonstrates a high energy density of 43.4 W h kg⁻¹ at a power density of 254.3 W kg⁻¹ in the voltage range 0–1.35 V. After 5000 charge/discharge cycles, the device still retains 83.4% of its initial capacitance.