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Computer simulations of 4240 MOF membranes for H₂/CH₄ separations: insights into structure–performance relations
- Altintas, Cigdem, Avci, Gokay, Daglar, Hilal, Gulcay, Ezgi, Erucar, Ilknur, Keskin, Seda
- Journal of materials chemistry 2018 v.6 no.14 pp. 5836-5847
- adsorption, computer simulation, coordination polymers, copper, databases, energy, hydrogen, hydrogen production, methane, molecular dynamics, permeability, physicochemical properties, screening, zeolites
- Design of new membranes having high H₂/CH₄ selectivity and high H₂ permeability is strongly desired to reduce the energy demand for H₂ production. Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) offer a great promise for membrane-based gas separations due to their tunable physical and chemical properties. We performed a high-throughput computational screening study to examine membrane-based H₂/CH₄ separation potentials of 4240 MOFs. Grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used to compute adsorption and diffusion of H₂ and CH₄ in MOFs. Simulation results were then used to predict adsorption selectivity, diffusion selectivity, gas permeability and membrane selectivity of MOFs. A large number of MOF membranes was found to outperform traditional polymer and zeolite membranes by exceeding the Robeson's upper bound for selective separation of H₂ from CH₄. Structure–performance analysis was carried out to understand the relations between MOF membranes' selectivities and their pore sizes, surface areas, porosities, densities, lattice systems, and metal types. Results showed that MOFs with pore limiting diameters between 3.8 and 6 Å, the largest cavity diameters between 6 and 12 Å, surface areas less than 1000 m² g⁻¹, porosities between 0.5 and 0.75, and densities between 1 and 1.5 g cm⁻³ are the most promising membranes leading to H₂ selectivities >10 and H₂ permeabilities >10⁴ Barrer. Our results suggest that monoclinic MOFs having copper metals are the best membrane candidates for H₂/CH₄ separations. This study represents the first high-throughput computational screening of the most recent MOF database for membrane-based H₂/CH₄ separation and microscopic insight provided from molecular simulations will be highly useful for the future design of new MOFs having extraordinarily high H₂ selectivities.