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Recurable Durable-Press Fabrics : Part I : Polycarboxylic Acids as Coreactant Curing Catalysts with N-Methylol Reagents
- Franklin, W.E., Madacsi, J.P., Rowland, S.P.
- Textile research journal 1972 v.42 no.5 pp. 274-280
- acid hydrolysis, carboxylic acids, catalysts, catalytic activity, cotton fabric, cross-linking reagents, ethers, moieties, textile fibers, water solubility
- Polycarbcxylic acids having three or more carboxyl groups per molecule were used as coreactant curing catalysts with a series of N-methylol crosslinking agents. Strongly acidic, water-soluble acids were found to be effective catalysts for the curing reactions, while less soluble or weaker acids were poor catalysts, as were partially neutralized polycarhoxylic acids. The X-methylol crosslinking agents which responded most favorably to catalysis by the carboxylic acids were those which formed ethers that were most stable to acid-catalyzed hydrolysis. The N-methylol crosslinking reagents which formed ethers less stable to acidic hydrolysis gave poor wrinkle recovery angles when applied to cotton fabrics with carboxylic acid catalysts.