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Chemical and Physical Properties of Cotton Modified by N-Methylol Agents : II : Influence of Degree of Cure on these Properties

Author:
Vail, Sidney L., Verburg, Gerald B.
Source:
Textile research journal 1972 v.42 no.6 pp. 367-373
ISSN:
0040-5175
Subject:
acid hydrolysis, catalysts, cellulose, cotton, fabrics, group effect, temperature, textile fibers
Abstract:
Chemical and physical changes occurring in cotton cellulose when it is finished with N-methylol agents under varying degrees of cure are discussed. Resistance to acidic hydrolysis of the finish has been found to be an excellent method for establishing the degree of cure of a finish. Factors discussed include time and temperature of cure, reactant to catalyst ratio, type of catalyst, reactivity of the agent enhanced by the leaving group effect, functionality of the reactant, processing conditions, acid-base control, fabric weight, and fabric type, i.e., cotton and cotton-polyester fabrics.
Agid:
6189451