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Chemical and Physical Properties of Cotton Modified by N-Methylol Agents : III : Observations on Polymerization and Crosslinking of Melamine-Based Reagents with Cotton
- Vail, Sidney L., Verburg, Gerald B.
- Textile research journal 1973 v.43 no.2 pp. 67-74
- alkylation, amides, chemical structure, cotton, fabrics, hydrolysis, physical properties, polymerization, steaming, textile fibers, textile industry
- The chemical structure of the finish obtained from melamine-hased reagents depends primarily on the constitution of the reactant and the reaction conditions. Attempts are made to follow the reaction of these various reagents from the pad bath formulation to the finished fabric under reaction conditions of interest to the textile industry. Specific reactions discussed include hydrolysis, alkylation, demethylolation, and polymerization. The formation of oxydimethylene links from methylolated amides under acidic and basic conditions are considered and the conclusions applied to textile treat ments. Reaction conditions include those for conventional pad-dry-cure treatments and wet or steaming treatments.