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Amphiphilic Cellulose Nanocrystals for Enhanced Pickering Emulsion Stabilization

Author:
Tang, Chunxia, Spinney, Stewart, Shi, Zengqian, Tang, Juntao, Peng, Baoliang, Luo, Jianhui, Tam, Kam C.
Source:
Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.43 pp. 12897-12905
ISSN:
1520-5827
Subject:
cellulose, cosmetics, drugs, electrolytes, emulsifying, emulsions, hexadecane, hydrophobicity, industry, medicine, nanocrystals, nanoparticles, petrochemicals, polystyrenes, solvents, stabilizers, toluene
Abstract:
Sulfated cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) with high surface charge density are inadequate for stabilizing oil–water emulsions, which limits their applications as interfacial stabilizers. We performed end-group modification by introducing hydrophobic chains (polystyrene) to CNC. Results showed that the modified CNC are more effective in emulsifying toluene and hexadecane than pristine CNC. Various parameters were investigated, such as concentration of particles, electrolytes, and polarity of solvents on the characteristics of the emulsions. This study provides strategies for the modification of cellulose nanocrystals to yield amphiphilic nanoparticles that enhance the stability of emulsions. Such systems, bearing biocompatible and environmentally friendly characteristics, are attractive for use in a wide range of industries spanning food, biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and petrochemicals.
Agid:
6190393