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Densely pillared holey-graphene block with high-level nitrogen doping enabling ultra-high volumetric capacity for lithium ion storage

Zhang, Longhai, Yue, Jingming, Wei, Tong, Liu, Zheng, Zhou, Jiali, Liu, Chaoqun, Jiang, Han, Jiang, Zimu, Fan, Zhuangjun
Carbon 2019 v.142 pp. 327-336
ammonium, anodes, graphene, lithium, lithium batteries, nanoparticles, nitrogen, thermal degradation
Developing high volumetric capacity and long cycle-life anode materials for high-performance lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) still remains a great challenge. Herein, densely pillared holey-graphene block with high N-doping (P-NHG) has been successfully synthesized through thermal decomposition of (NH4)6Mo7O24 in-between stacked GO sheets. The dense graphene building block processes a high packing density of 2.53 g cm−3, high nitrogen doping (19.2 at%), numerous holes on the graphene sheet, and ∼5 nm Mo2C nanoparticles as the pillars in-between the graphene sheets, facilitating rapid ion diffusion and storage and ensuring structural stability during Li ion storage. As a result, the P-NHG electrode can deliver high gravimetric capacity of 1221 mAh g−1 and ultrahigh volumetric capacity of 3089 mAh cm−3 at 0.1 A g−1, as well as excellent cyclability (713 mAh g−1/1803 mAh cm−3 after 300 cycles at 0.5 A g−1). The novel design of densely pillared holey-structure materials represents greatly improved properties such as superior cyclability, and high volumetric capacity for LIBs.