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Transport of the arsenic (As)-loaded nano zero-valent iron in groundwater-saturated sand columns: Roles of surface modification and As loading

Yu, Zhigang, Hu, Liming, Lo, Irene M.C.
Chemosphere 2019 v.216 pp. 428-436
arsenic, equations, iron, models, pollution, quartz, remediation, ripening, sand
In this study, the effects of surface modification of nZVI and arsenic (As) loading on the mobility of the three types of As-loaded nZVI (As-loaded pristine, chitosan-modified and polyaniline-modified nZVI) in quartz sand-packed columns were investigated. Breakthrough curves and retention profiles for the three types of As-loaded nZVI were analyzed by the Tufenkji-Elimelech equations and the HYDRUS-1D model. The mobility of both types of As-loaded modified nZVI was higher than the As-loaded pristine nZVI at both low and high As loadings. Compared to low As loading, the mobility of the three types of As-loaded nZVI was higher at high As loading. The values of the calculated and the fitted retention parameters of the three As-loaded nZVI were lower when As loading was higher or nZVI was modified, which were in line with the experimental column findings. The mechanisms of As-loaded nZVI transport were probably due to ripening and sedimentation. The As in the effluent was mainly from the As-loaded nZVI particles when nZVI was detected and was from the As release when no nZVI was detectable. It was evident that the mobility of the three types of As-loaded nZVI particles were severely limited (the maximum transport distance was less than 60 cm), regardless of surface modification and As loading. Therefore, the As release from the As-loaded nZVI could cause potentially wide pollution and should be paid more attention regarding to the application of nZVI in As remediation.