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Characterization of microbial community and main functional groups of prokaryotes in thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and paper waste

Li, Lu, Qin, Yu, Kong, Zhe, Wu, Jing, Kubota, Kengo, Li, Yu-You
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.652 pp. 709-717
Archaea, acetates, anaerobic digestion, bacterial communities, butyrates, cellulose, food waste, genes, hydrogen, lactic acid, lactic acid bacteria, monosaccharides, prokaryotic cells, propionic acid, ribosomal RNA
The thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and paper waste was successfully operated with a 0% to 70% fraction of paper waste. The variation of functional microbial community was investigated by 16S rRNA gene analysis. The results indicated that the hydrolyzing bacterial community changed from carbohydrate/protein-degrading bacteria to cellulose-degrading bacteria when the paper waste ratio was higher than 50%. Significant changes in the taxon responsible for cellulose degradation were found depending on the paper waste fraction. Cellulose-degrading bacteria outcompeted lactic acid bacteria in the degradation of monosaccharide, resulting in a decline in the proportion of lactic acid bacteria and the absence of an accumulation of lactic acid. At high paper waste ratios, because the cellulose-degrading bacteria, such as Defluviitoga tunisiensis, were more likely to degrade monosaccharides directly to acetate and hydrogen rather than to propionate and butyrate, the abundance of syntrophs was reduced. The variation of those bacteria with high H2-producing ability significantly influenced the proportion of hydrogenotrophic archaea. The change in the microbial community as the paper waste fraction increased was illustrated with regard to anaerobic degradation steps.