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Glucansucrase catalyzed synthesis and functional characterization of nordihydroguaiaretic acid glucosides

Nolte, Johannes, Pöttgen, Lara-Alina, Sperlich, Julia, Grossert, Alessandra, Kempa, Alexander, Teusch, Nicole, Schörken, Ulrich
Enzyme and microbial technology 2019 v.120 pp. 69-76
Larrea tridentata, Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides, Weissella, alternansucrase, antioxidant activity, biotransformation, breast neoplasms, cell movement, glucosides, glucosylation, half life, hydrolysis, kinetics, lignans, liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, medicinal properties, metastasis, neoplasm cells, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, water solubility
Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is the major lignan of the creosote bush Larrea tridentata known for its antioxidative and pharmacological properties. Here we present the identification of glucansucrases for NDGA glucosylation and the physicochemical and biological characterization of the glucosides. Extracellular glucansucrase of L. pseudomesenteroides DSM 20193 was selected from 19 glucansucrase positive Leuconostoc and Weissella strains. Kinetic analysis of the PEG-fractionated enzyme revealed a KM of 6.6 mM and a kcat of 2.6 s⁻¹ for NDGA. Full-factorial design methodology was used to optimize conversion resulting in 95.5% total NDGA glucosides. In total 7 glucosides were detected by LC–MS ranging from mono- to triglucoside. The 4-O-α-D-monoglucoside and the symmetrical 4,4’-O-α-D-diglucoside were the major products in all biotransformations. Water solubility and half-life stability at 45 °C increased significantly in the order diglucoside > monoglucoside > aglycon. Analysis of cellular antioxidative capacity exhibited a time-dependent activity increase pointing towards glucoside hydrolysis. Accordingly, NDGA-glucosides impaired metastasis of triple negative breast cancer cells to the same degree as the aglycon with 35% reduction of cell migration by the mono- and 34% reduction by the diglucoside after 20 h.