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Bioactive gel self-assembled from phosphorylate biomimetic peptide: A potential scaffold for enhanced osteogenesis

Quan, Changyun, Zhang, Zhaoqing, Liang, Peiqing, Zheng, Junjiong, Wang, Jiping, Hou, Yulin, Tang, Qiyan
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.121 pp. 1054-1060
absorption, adhesion, alkaline phosphatase, artificial cells, bioactive compounds, bioactive properties, biomimetics, bone formation, bone morphogenetic proteins, cell adhesion, cytokines, genes, hydrogels, mesenchymal stromal cells, micro-computed tomography, models, osteocalcin, osteopontin, rats, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, transcription factors
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 biomimetic peptide (BMPBP) is a potent osteoinductive cytokine and plays a critical role during bone regeneration. Efforts to prepare hydrogels with surface modification or physical absorption of bioactive molecules do not provide sufficient bioactivity to meet the requirements of clinical application. The goal of this study was to form a three-dimensional hydrogel comprised of BMP-2 core sequence oligopeptide, phosphoserine, a synthetic cell adhesion peptide (RGDS), and polyaspartic acid to synergistically promote osteogenesis. Experiments performed in vitro revealed that the peptide gel was conducive to adhesion and proliferation of rat marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs). In addition, RT-PCR analysis indicated that rMSCs allowed better expression of osteogenesis-related genes such as BMP-2, runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OCN), and osteopontin (OPN). Use of the rat cranial bone defects model with micro-CT 3D reconstruction showed that bone regeneration patterns occurred from one side edge toward the center of the area implanted with the prepared biomimetic peptide hydrogels, demonstrating significantly accelerated bone regeneration. This work will provide a basis to explore the further application potential of this bioactive scaffold.