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Protein aggregation suppressor arginine as an effective mouth cleaning agent
- Ikeda, Keiko, Ejima, Daisuke, Arakawa, Tsutomu, Koyama, A. Hajime
- International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.122 pp. 224-227
- adsorption, arginine, bacteria, biofilm, buffers, citrates, cleaning agents, pH, pneumonia, protein-protein interactions, risk, solubility, tongue
- We have tested here whether or not arginine, a well-known aggregation suppressor, is effective in removing bacterial cells, which may present a potential risk of accidental pneumonia infection in aged individuals, from the oral mucosal membranes. This is based on the ability of arginine to suppress protein-protein interaction and surface adsorption and increase the solubility of organic compounds. Twelve student volunteers were subjected to mouthwashes with saline, citrate buffer (pH 3.5), arginine (pH 3.5) and a commercial Listerine. Insignificant effects were observed with saline and citrate buffer, whereas arginine and Listerine mouthwashes led to significant reduction of bacterial cells from the dorsal side of the volunteer's tongue. Arginine also appeared to disrupt biofilms present in the mouth.