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Defining hydrogel properties to instruct lineage- and cell-specific mesenchymal differentiation
- Hung, Ben P., Harvestine, Jenna N., Saiz, Augustine M., Gonzalez-Fernandez, Tomas, Sahar, David E., Weiss, Mark L., Leach, J. Kent
- Biomaterials 2019 v.189 pp. 1-10
- alginates, biocompatible materials, encapsulation, growth factors, hydrogels, ligands, mice, models, phenotype, stem cells, translation (genetics)
- The maintenance and direction of stem cell lineage after implantation remains challenging for clinical translation. Aggregation and encapsulation into instructive biomaterials after preconditioning can bolster retention of differentiated phenotypes. Since these procedures do not depend on cell type or lineage, we hypothesized we could use a common, tunable platform to engineer formulations that retain and enhance multiple lineages from different cell populations. To test this, we varied alginate stiffness and adhesive ligand content, then encapsulated spheroids of varying cellularity. We used Design-of-Experiments to determine the effect of these parameters and their interactions on phenotype retention. The combination of parameters leading to maximal differentiation varied with lineage and cell type, inducing a 2–4-fold increase over non-optimized levels. Phenotype was also retained for 4 weeks in a murine subcutaneous model. This widely applicable approach can facilitate translation of cell-based therapies by instructing phenotype in situ without prolonged induction or costly growth factors.