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A highly pyridinic N-doped carbon from macroalgae with multifunctional use toward CO2 capture and electrochemical applications

Author:
Ren, Meng, Zhang, Tianyun, Wang, Ying, Jia, Ziyang, Cai, Jinjun
Source:
Journal of materials science 2019 v.54 no.2 pp. 1606-1615
ISSN:
0022-2461
Subject:
Ulva prolifera, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, adsorption, capacitance, carbon, carbon dioxide, catalysts, durability, electrochemistry, electrodes, heat, hydrothermal carbonization, macroalgae, melamine, methanol, nitrogen, potassium hydroxide, scanning electron microscopy, surface area, wastes
Abstract:
A highly pyridinic N-doped carbon with total N-species of ~ 15.5 at.% and surface area of ~ 1100 m²/g was obtained from marine biowaste, Enteromorpha prolifera, via hydrothermal carbonization and a mild KOH activation, using melamine as nitrogen source. This offers a simple pathway for large-scale synthesis of N-doped carbon with partial spheres verified from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, showing great perspective in multifunctional activities for carbon capture, oxygen reduction reaction, and supercapacitor. The carbon shows CO₂ uptake of ~ 3 mmol/g under ambient conditions with isosteric heat of adsorption up to 40 kJ/mol, in addition to a large capacitance of 214 F/g at 0.5 A/g in 6 M KOH as electrode for supercapacitor. The supercapacitor exhibits superior cycling durability of 98% retention at 2 A/g after 10,000 cycles. Furthermore, the carbon as catalyst also exhibits good stability and resistance to methanol crossover as compared to commercial Pt/C catalyst, followed with a dominant 4e⁻ transfer process.
Agid:
6195166