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Evaluation of the Diversity of Probiotic Bacillus, Clostridium, and Bifidobacterium Using the Illumina-Based Sequencing Method

Xu, Zaichao, Cao, Lixiang, Liu, Jun, Tan, Hongming, Deng, Zujun
Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins 2018 v.10 no.4 pp. 748-754
Bacillus (bacteria), Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Lactobacillus, feces, goats, intestines, phylogeny, probiotics
Bacterial species of Bacillus, Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium in the intestinal tract have been used as probiotics. Selections for probiotic candidates by the culture-based approaches are time-consuming and labor-consuming. The aim of this study was to develop a new method based on sequencing strategies to select the probiotic Bacillus, Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium. The Illumina-based sequencing strategies with different specific primers for Bacillus, Clostridium, and Bifidobacterium were applied to analyze diversity of the genera in goat feces. The average number of different Bacillus, Clostridium, and Bifidobacterium OTUs (operational taxonomic units) at the 97% similarity level ranged from 1922 to 63172. The coverage index values of Bacillus, Clostridium, and Bifidobacterium calculated from the bacterial OTUs were 0.89, 0.99, and 1.00, respectively. The most genera of Bacillus (37.9%), Clostridium (53%), and Bifidobacterium (99%) were detected in goat feces by the Illumina-based sequencing with the specific primers of the genera, respectively. Higher phylogenetic resolutions of the genera in goat feces were successfully established. The results suggest that the selection for probiotic Bacillus, Clostridium, and Bifidobacterium based on the Illumina sequencing with their specific primers is reliable and feasible, and the core Bacillus, Clostridium, and Bifidobacterium species of healthy goats possess the potentials as probiotic microbial consortia.