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An iso-osmolar oral supplement increases natriuresis and does not increase stomal output in patients with an ileostomy: A randomised, double-blinded, active comparator, crossover intervention study

Rud, Charlotte, Pedersen, Anne Kathrine Nissen, Wilkens, Trine Levring, Borre, Mette, Andersen, Jens Rikardt, Moeller, Hanne B., Dahlerup, Jens Frederik, Hvas, Christian Lodberg
Clinical nutrition 2019 v.38 no.5 pp. 2079-2086
adults, diet, electrolytes, gastrointestinal system, patients, surgery, urine
Patients with an ileostomy often experience fluid and electrolyte depletion because of gastrointestinal loss. This study aimed to compare how an iso-osmolar and a hyperosmolar oral supplement affect ileostomy output, urine production, and natriuresis as proxy measurements of water-electrolyte balance.In a randomised, double-blinded, active comparator, crossover intervention study, we included eight adult ileostomy patients who were independent of parenteral support. We investigated how an iso-osmolar (279 mOsm/kg) and a hyperosmolar (681 mOsm/kg) oral supplement affected ileostomy output mass, urine volume, and natriuresis. In addition to their habitual diet, each participant ingested 800 mL/day of either the iso-osmolar or hyperosmolar supplement in each of two study periods. Each period started with 24-hour baseline measurements, and the supplements were ingested during the following 48 h. All measurements were repeated in the last 24 h.No statistically significant changes in ileostomy output were detected following the intake of either oral supplement (median (range) 67 (−728 to 290) g/day, p = 0.25) despite increased fluid intake. Compared with the hyperosmolar supplement, the iso-osmolar supplement induced a statistically significant increase in urine volume (470 (0–780) mL/day, p = 0.02) and natriuresis (36 (0–66) mmol/day, p = 0.02).Intake of the two oral supplements did not affect ileostomy output during this short intervention. Natriuresis increased following intake of the iso-osmolar supplement compared to that after ingesting the hyperosmolar supplement, indicating that patients with an ileostomy may benefit from increasing their ingestion of iso-osmolar fluids. identifier:NCT03348709.