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Encapsulation of β-carotene in wheat gluten nanoparticle-xanthan gum-stabilized Pickering emulsions: Enhancement of carotenoid stability and bioaccessibility
- Fu, Dongwen, Deng, Sumeng, McClements, David Julian, Zhou, Lei, Zou, Liqiang, Yi, Jiang, Liu, Chengmei, Liu, Wei
- Food hydrocolloids 2019 v.89 pp. 80-89
- beta-carotene, bioavailability, biopolymers, chemical degradation, emulsions, encapsulation, functional foods, hydrocolloids, in vitro digestion, nanoparticles, pH, sodium chloride, storage temperature, wheat gluten
- β-carotene was encapsulated in Pickering emulsions stabilized by biopolymer particles formed by wheat gluten nanoparticles (WGN) or wheat gluten nanoparticle-xanthan gum (WGN-XG) complexes. The WGN-XG emulsions had larger initial mean particle diameters (23.9 μm) than the WGN ones (9.4 μm), but they were still stable to aggregation over a wide range of pH values (4–8) and salt levels (0–1000 mM NaCl). They were also effective at protecting β-carotene from chemical degradation during storage, with around 94.3% and 70.1% of the carotenoids being retained after one-month storage at 25 and 37 °C, respectively. WGN-XG and WGN emulsions were both stable to thermal sterilization. An in vitro digestion experiment showed that β-carotene had a higher bioaccessibility in the WGN-XG emulsions than in the WGN ones. These results may facilitate the design of Pickering emulsions with high stability for nutraceutical delivery in food and supplement products.