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Development of an in vitro hydroponic culture system for wasabi nursery plant production—Effects of nutrient concentration and supporting material on plantlet growth

Hoang, Nhung Ngoc, Kitaya, Yoshiaki, Shibuya, Toshio, Endo, Ryosuke
Scientia horticulturae 2019 v.245 pp. 237-243
Eutrema japonica, dissolved oxygen, hydroponics, leaf area, micropropagation, nitrogen content, nutrient content, nutrient solutions, nutrient uptake, photosynthesis, plantlets, rockwool, roots, shoots, vermiculite
The growth of wasabi (Wasabia japonica Matsumura) plantlets was compared in four concentrations of standard Enshi nutrient solution (25%, 50%, 100%, and 150%) and two kinds of supporting materials (rockwool and vermiculite) using an in vitro hydroponic culture system for photoautotrophic micropropagation. After 28 days of culture, most of the growth parameters such as fresh weight and dry weight, shoot/root dry weight ratio, and leaf area ratio were highest in wasabi plantlets grown in 50% or 100% nutrient solution, and this enhancement was greater in vermiculite than in rockwool. Dissolved oxygen concentration decreased sharply in rockwool but only slightly in vermiculite during the course of the experiment, resulting in a dissolved oxygen concentration of 8 mg L−1 in the vermiculite and 6 mg L−1 in the rockwool. The highest root nitrogen concentration was observed at a nutrient concentration of 100% in vermiculite and rockwool. The highest net photosynthetic rates were observed on day 28 in vermiculite at nutrient concentrations of 50% and 100%. The growth of wasabi plantlets is depressed through a decrease in root water and nutrient uptake caused by low dissolved oxygen concentrations. These findings clearly demonstrate that a hydroponic system that incorporates a 50% or 100% nutrient solution concentration and vermiculite will allow high-quality wasabi plantlets to be propagated rapidly under photoautotrophic conditions.