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Prevalence and molecular characterization of Trichomonas gallinae from domestic pigeons in Beijing, China

Feng, Sheng-Yong, Chang, Han, Li, Fu-Huang, Wang, Cheng-Min, Luo, Jing, He, Hong-Xuan
Infection, genetics, and evolution 2018 v.65 pp. 369-372
Trichomonas gallinae, adolescents, breeding, digestive tract, farms, genotype, nestlings, parasites, phylogeny, pigeons, throat, China
Trichomonas gallinae is a globally distributed protozoan parasite, mainly affect the upper avian digestive tract and can bring huge economic losses to pigeon industry. The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence and genotypes of T. gallinae in Beijing, China. A total of 569 samples of throat swabs of pigeon were collected from pigeon farms in Shunyi District, Fangshan District, Daxing District and Miyun District of Beijing. The overall prevalence was 28.30%. The significant difference in infection rates was not observed between regions, but was found between age groups. The highest prevalence was nestling pigeons (33.16%), followed by adolescent pigeons (30.05%) and breeding pigeons (20.59%). Moreover, genotype A and B of T. gallinae were identified by sequencing the ITS1/5.8S/ITS2 regions and phylogenetic analysis. To our knowledge, this is the first report to display the prevalence and genotype of T. gallinae from Beijing, China.