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Effect of temperature on the microflora community composition in the digestive tract of the veined rapa whelk (Rapana venosa) revealed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing

Yang, Mei-Jie, Song, Hao, Sun, Li-Na, Yu, Zheng-Lin, Hu, Zhi, Wang, Xiao-Long, Zhu, Jia-Yi, Zhang, Tao
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.29 pp. 145-153
Aliivibrio, Delftia, Flavobacteriaceae, Gastropoda, Mycoplasma, Phyllobacterium, Psychromonas, Sphingomonas, Vibrio, community structure, digestion, digestive tract, genes, ingestion, microorganisms, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, species diversity, temperature
The veined rapa whelk, Rapana venosa, a poikilotherm that is susceptible to temperature, is an important and valuable fishery resource in China but a major invader around the world. We studied the effects of abnormal temperature on the digestive tract microflora of R. venosa to investigate how temperature impacts its digestion and ingestion. We characterized the microflora in nine samples by sequencing the 16S rRNA gene. To assess the species diversity within the samples, effective tags were clustered at 97% similarity by default. Mycoplasma was the most abundant genus among the three groups, and the Proteobacteria phylum had the highest diversity. However, the microflora structure in the digestive tract was significantly different at different temperatures. The top five most abundant genera in the samples housed at 16 °C were Mycoplasma, Phyllobacterium, Aliivibrio, Psychromonas, and Delftia, whereas those in the samples housed under 22 °C were Mycoplasma, Phyllobacterium, Delftia, Spirochaeta_2, and Sphingomonas, and those in the samples housed at 28 °C were Mycoplasma, Phyllobacterium, Vibrio, Delftia, and Aliivibrio. The family Flavobacteriaceae was more abundant in R. venosa housed at 22 °C and 28 °C, whereas a significant decrease in Flavobacteriaceae abundance and a substantial increase in Mycoplasmataceae abundance were observed in R. venosa housed at 16 °C. The alteration in the digestive tract microflora might further affect the function of the R. venosa digestive tract. The results presented herein might provide further insight into investigations on the effects of temperature on the digestion and ingestion of gastropods.