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Effects of saccharicterpenin on antioxidant status and urinary metabolic profile of rats

Liu, Guangmang, Zheng, Jie, Wu, Xianjian, Jia, Gang, Zhao, Hua, Chen, Xiaoling, Wu, Caimei, Wang, Jing
Animal nutrition 2019 v.5 no.2 pp. 191-195
Theaceae, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, animal growth, animal nutrition, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, bile acids, body weight, catalase, digestive enzymes, enzyme activity, ethanol, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, immunity, intestines, malondialdehyde, meat quality, metabolism, rats, superoxide dismutase
Saccharicterpenin is a new green additive agent that is derived from the extract of Theaceae plants and has the ability to improve immunity and meat quality, increase the digestive enzyme activity, and enhance the intestinal development and growth of animals. However, the antioxidant status and systematic changes in metabolic biochemistry associated with saccharicterpenin supplementation in animals are still unknown. This study examined the effects of saccharicterpenin on the antioxidant status and urinary metabolic profile of rats. Sixteen rats were randomly distributed to 2 groups. One group was treated with 400 mg/kg body weight of saccharicterpenin, and the other group was treated with equal amount of saline. Results revealed that saccharicterpenin significantly increased the capacities of anti-hydroxyl radical (13.18%) and anti-superoxide anion (14.36%), the total antioxidant capacity (48.27%), and the activities of total superoxide dismutase (3.68%), catalase (21.52%), glutathione peroxidase (5.83%) and glutathione S-transferase (29.59%) (P < 0.05). By contrast, the contents of malondialdehyde and glutathione were not significantly affected by saccharicterpenin (P > 0.05). Saccharicterpenin supplementation significantly increased the urinary levels of bile acids, ethanol, α-ketoglutarate, and α-hydroxybutyrate but decreased the level of N-acetylglutamate (P < 0.05). In summary, saccharicterpenin can enhance the antioxidant capacity and modulate the metabolism in rats.