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The Use of Coreactant Curing Agents with a Diepoxide to Impart Wrinkle Resistance to Cotton Fabrics

Reinhardt, Robert M., Kullman, Russell M. H., Moore, Harry B., Reid, J. David
Textile research journal 1961 v.31 no.11 pp. 941-950
additives, aluminum sulfate, catalysts, citric acid, cotton, cotton fabric, crosslinking, curing agents, durability, dyes, finishes, magnesium, perchlorates, phthalic anhydride, potassium thiocyanate, silicone, temperature, textile fibers, zinc
Wrinkle resistance can be imparted to cotton fabrics with a diepoxide when certain coreactant curing agents are used. Such materials coreact to become a part of the finished product and introduce linkages and chemical groups which differ from those obtained when a true catalyst is used. Several coreactants including, for example. phthalic anhydride, citric acid, 1-aminoethyl-2-methyl-imidazoline, triethanolamine, and potassium thiocyanate, were used with 1,3-diglycidylglycerol as the diepoxide. In some cases mere deposition seemed to occur while in other cases cross-linkage was accom plished. Some indications of the types of reaction were obtained from infrared data and from the responses of the treated fabrics to various classes of dyes. In some cases coreaction between the diepoxide and the curing agent appeared to take place at rela tively low temperatures, producing improved wrinkle resistance. Phthalic anhydride was used to investigate this aspect in more detail. For comparison with the coreactant materials, several acid salts were used as catalysts, and the results are reported. Among the more suitable acid catalysts are magnesium perchlorate, aluminum sulfate, and zinc fluoborate. The inorganic acid catalysts produced fabrics with excellent durability and wrinkle resistance. Tearing strength losses, however, were greater with epoxide-treated cotton than those observed, at equivalent crease recovery angle, when a typical methylolamide finishing agent with catalyst was used. The durability to alkaline solutions of some of the epoxide finishes applied with coreactant curing agents was not as good as that of fabrics prepared with the inorganic acid catalysts. Tearing strength and wrinkle re sistance of epoxide-treated cotton can be improved by inclusion of additives such as polvethylene, acrylic polymer, or silicone, in the finishing bath.