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Microbial community of nitrogen cycle‐related genes in aquatic plant rhizospheres of Lake Liangzi in winter

Yin, Xingjia, Liu, Guanglong, Peng, Lei, Hua, Yumei, Wan, Xiaoqiong, Zhou, Wenbing, Zhao, Jianwei, Zhu, Duanwei
Journal of basic microbiology 2018 v.58 no.11 pp. 998-1006
Ceratophyllum demersum, Hydrilla verticillata, Nitrosomonas, Nitrosospira, Nymphaea, Potamogeton crispus, ammonium nitrogen, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, aquatic plants, denitrifying bacteria, dissolved oxygen, genes, lakes, microbial communities, nitrifying bacteria, nitrogen, pH, phylogeny, rhizosphere, ribosomal RNA, sediments, soil, winter, China
This study investigated the community structure of ammonia‐oxidizing bacteria /archaea (AOB and AOA), as well as the effects of four aquatic plants (namely Ceratophyllum demersum, Hydrilla verticillata, Potamogeton crispus, and Nymphaea tetragona) rhizospheres on the abundance of AOB amoA, AOA amoA, anammox 16S rRNA, nirK, and nirS in Lake Liangzi, China. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that most AOB groups were Nitrosospira and Nitrosomonas, in which Nitrosospira was dominant. The AOA amoA were affiliated with two branches of classical sequences which belonging to Thaumarchaeota: water/sediments branch and soil/sediments branch. The abundance of AOA amoA in the rhizospheres of aquatic plants were higher than in the non‐rhizosphere (p < 0.05), indicating that aquatic plants may promote the growth of AOA. However, the anammox 16S rRNA showed the opposite trend relative to AOA amoA (p < 0.05). Redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that the differences in abundance of AOB, AOA, anammox bacteria, and denitrifying bacteria are very likely related to the different contents of ammonia nitrogen (NH₄⁺‐N), pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) and thus to the rhizosphere states of aquatic plants.