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Water as a Universal Infrared Probe for Bioanalysis in Aqueous Solution by Attenuated Total Reflection–Surface Enhanced Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy

Liu, Yang, Bao, Wen-Jing, Zhang, Qian-Wen, Li, Jin, Li, Jian, Xu, Jing-Juan, Xia, Xing-Hua, Chen, Hong-Yuan
Analytical chemistry 2018 v.90 no.21 pp. 12979-12985
DNA, aqueous solutions, detection limit, infrared spectroscopy, monitoring, nucleic acid hybridization
Monitoring the properties and reactions of biomolecules at their interface has attracted ever-growing interest. Here, we propose an approach of infrared analysis technique that utilizes water molecule as a universal probe for in situ and label free monitoring of interfacial bioevents in aqueous solution with high sensitivity. The strong infrared (IR) signal of O–H stretching vibrations from the repelled water is used to sensitively reveal the kinetics of interfacial bioevents at molecular level based on the steric displacement of water using an attenuated total reflection–surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy. Using interfacial immuno-recognition and DNA hybridization as demonstrations, water IR probe offers 26 and 34 times higher sensitivity and even 200 and 86 times lower detection limit for immunosensing and DNA sensing, respectively, as compared to the traditional IR molecular fingerprints.