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Improved Chemical and Colloidal Stability of Gold Nanoparticles through Dendron Capping
- Elbert, Katherine C., Lee, Jennifer D., Wu, Yaoting, Murray, Christopher B.
- Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.44 pp. 13333-13338
- X-ray scattering, absorption, commercialization, dendrimers, ligands, nanogold, nanoparticles, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, transmission electron microscopy
- Nanoparticle (NP) stability is imperative for commercialization of nanotechnology. In this study, we compare the stability of Au NPs with surfaces functionalized with oleylamine, dodecanethiol, and two dendritic ligands of different generations. Dendrimer ligands provide a significant increase in the chemical stability of Au NPs when analyzed by cyanide-induced NP decomposition as well as an investigation into their colloidal stability at ambient conditions. These results were supported by absorption measurements, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance, and small-angle transmission X-ray scattering and show that dendrimers play a key role in improving the chemical and colloidal stability of NPs.