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Expression and localization of follicle‐stimulating hormone receptor in the yak uterus during different stages of the oestrous cycle
- Abudureyimu, Ayimuguli, Cai, Yong, Huo, Shengdong, Ren, Rui, Zang, Rongxin, Yang, Jutian, Ma, Zhongren, Cui, Yan
- Reproduction in domestic animals 2018 v.53 no.6 pp. 1539-1545
- angiogenesis, blood vessels, cervix, diestrus, endometrium, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, estrus, follicle-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone receptors, gonads, humans, messenger RNA, metestrus, mice, myocytes, pituitary gland, placenta, pregnancy, proestrus, smooth muscle, steroid hormones, yaks
- Morphological changes of the uterus and alterations in its secretory activity under the influence of steroid hormones been well documented. The oestrous cycle is also associated with significant changes in plasma follicle‐stimulating hormone (FSH), whose effects are mediated through its receptor (FSHR). Reports showed that in many mammals, FSHR was expressed in gonadal and extragonadal tissues including cervix, female reproductive tract, and pituitary gland. Follicle‐stimulating hormone (FSH) signals through endothelial FSHR directly stimulate angiogenesis and involved in the timing of birth in human, and the presence of FSHR in the placenta is essential for normal pregnancy in mice. But little is known about FSHR expression in the yak uterus. The main objective of the present study was to determine the expression and localization of FSHR in the yak uterus during different phases of the oestrous cycle. Results showed that FSHR protein was localized in the surface and glandular epithelial cells, stroma cells, myometrial smooth muscle cells and blood vessel endothelial cells. The expression of FSHR protein peaked at oestrus, significantly decreased at dioestrus (p < 0.05) and increased again at proestrus. FSHR mRNA was highly expressed at both proestrus and oestrus, and decreased at metestrus with the lowest values at dioestrus (p < 0.05). In conclusion, FSHR expression in the yak uterus changed with the stage of the oestrous cycle suggesting that FSHR plays an essential role in regulating the endometrial and myometrial functions during the oestrus cycle in the yak.