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Microbial residues were increased by film mulching with manure amendment in a semiarid agroecosystem

Zhu, Lixia, Shen, Yufang, Li, Shiqing
Archiv für Acker- und Pflanzenbau und Bodenkunde 2019 v.65 no.1 pp. 101-112
NPK fertilizers, agroecosystems, cow manure, glucosamine, manure amendments, mulching, muramic acid, soil organic matter, China
Amino sugars, as a kind of microbial residue, are strongly associated with cycling of microbial-derived soil organic matter. However, responses of amino sugars to agricultural practices on the Loess Plateau in North-western China are poorly known. The objective was to evaluate effects of film mulching (no film mulching + NPK fertilizers, CK; film mulching + NPK fertilizers, PF; film mulching + NPK fertilizers + cow manure, FM) on accumulations of amino sugars in this region. FM significantly increased total amino sugar by 190.46 mg kg⁻¹ in 0–10 cm layer and 214.66 mg kg⁻¹ in 10–20 cm layer relative to CK, but PF significantly decreased it by 139.28 mg kg⁻¹ in 0–10 cm layer. Ratios of glucosamine to muramic acid were markedly decreased by 2.50 in 0–10 cm layer and 2.28 in 10–20 cm layer in FM than CK, suggesting a tendency of microbial residues pool shift towards bacterial residues in this agroecosystem. These results indicated film mulching alone was not benefitial to accumulation of amino sugar while organic manure contributed to the build-up of amino sugar partly due to manure contained microbial residues. The different patterns of amino sugars suggested significant changes in the quality of microbial-derived organic matter.