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Bioconversion of Beetle-killed Lodgepole Pine Using SPORL: Process Scale-up Design, Lignin Coproduct, and High Solids Fermentaton Without Detoxification

Zhou, Haifeng, Zhu, J. Y., Luo, Xiaolin, Leu, Shao-Yuan, Wu, Xiaolei, Gleisner, Roland, Dien, Bruce S., Hector, Ronald E., Yang, Dongjie, Qiu, Xueqing, Horn, Eric, Negron, Jose
Industrial and engineering chemistry research 2013 v.52 no.45 pp. 16057
Dendroctonus ponderosae, Pinus contorta var. latifolia, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, biomass, biotransformation, coproducts, dispersibility, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, engineering, ethanol, fermentation, hydrolysis, lignin, lignosulfonates, pH, reaction kinetics, saccharification, slurries, sodium bisulfite, softwood, temperature, total solids, wood chips
Mountain pine beetle killed Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon) wood chips were pretreated using an acidic sulfite solution of approximately pH = 2.0 at a liquor to wood ratio of 3 and sodium bisulfite loading of 8 wt % on wood. The combined hydrolysis factor (CHF), formulated from reaction kinetics, was used to design a scale-up pretreatment on 2000 g wood chips at a relatively low temperature of 165 °C that reduced furan formation and facilitated high solids saccharification and fermentation. The pretreated solids and liquor were disk milled together to result in a biomass whole slurry of 25% total solids. The whole biomass slurry was directly used to conduct simultaneous enzymatic saccharification and combined fermentation (SSCombF) using a commercial cellulase and Saccharomyces cerevisiae YRH400 without detoxification. A terminal ethanol titer of 47.1 g L(−1) with a yield of 306 L (tonne wood)(−1), or 72.0% theoretical, was achieved when SSCombF was conducted at an unwashed solids loading of 18%. The lignosulfonate (LS) from SPORL was highly sulfonated and showed better dispersibility than a high purity commercial softwood LS, and therefore has potential as a directly marketable coproduct.