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Reclamation of wastewater organics via two-stage growth of bacteria-then-oleaginous phagotrophic algae
- Li, Cong, Ju, Lu-Kwang
- Bioprocess and biosystems engineering 2018 v.41 no.12 pp. 1757-1766
- algae, bacteria, biofuels, dissolved oxygen, feedstocks, lipid content, organic matter, pH, wastewater, wastewater treatment
- A substantial amount of organic matter is wasted in current wastewater treatment processes. To reclaim the value of organic matter, a two-stage continuous-flow open process has been developed by utilizing the capability of phagotrophic algae in ingesting bacterial cells. In this process, wastewater is first pumped into a bacteria tank to grow bacterial cells, and then the effluent containing grown bacteria cells is fed to an algae tank to grow phagotrophic algae. The operation conditions such as dilution rate, pH, and dissolved oxygen level were comprehensively investigated and optimized with long-term tests. Results show that phagotrophic algae can be stably cultivated with wastewater organics through this open process without costly chemical/physical sterilization. The produced phagotrophic algae had high lipid content and can be potentially used as biofuel feedstock.