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Cytokinin-induced growth in the duckweeds Lemna gibba and Spirodela polyrhiza
- Kurepa, Jasmina, Shull, Timothy E., Smalle, Jan A.
- Plant growth regulation 2018 v.86 no.3 pp. 477-486
- Lemna gibba, Spirodela polyrhiza, aquatic plants, biomass, cytokinins, embryophytes, feedstocks, fuel production, hosts, physiological response, recombinant proteins, root growth
- Duckweeds, quick-growing aquatic plants, have been recently recognized as promising hosts for the large-scale production of recombinant proteins and as an ideal biomass feedstock for biofuel production. These possible wide-spread industrial uses of duckweeds intensified research aimed at understanding the mechanisms that control duckweed growth. Here, we describe how the hormone cytokinin affects growth. We performed a number of standard cytokinin growth- and physiological-response assays using sterile-grown colonies of Lemna gibba and Spirodela polyrhiza. Similar to land plants, cytokinin inhibited root elongation in duckweeds. Surprisingly, and in contrast to land plants, cytokinin promoted growth of aerial organs in both duckweed species, suggesting that the cytokinin growth response fundamentally differs between aquatic and land plants.