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Facile preparation of robust porous MoS2/C nanosheet networks as anode material for sodium ion batteries
- Zhang, Rui, Li, Huiyong, Sun, Dan, Luan, Jingyi, Huang, Xiaobing, Tang, Yougen, Wang, Haiyan
- Journal of materials science 2019 v.54 no.3 pp. 2472-2482
- anodes, batteries, carbon, electrochemistry, freeze drying, molybdenum disulfide, nanosheets, phosphides, sodium, sodium chloride
- Developing advanced MoS₂ anode material for sodium ion battery is still a big challenge since it is hindered by poor cycling stability and rate capability owing to huge volume variation during charge/discharge processes and low conductivity. In this work, three-dimensional porous networks consisting of several-layered MoS₂/C nanosheets are synthesized via a facile freeze-drying approach using NaCl as template. MoS₂/C nanosheet networks demonstrate a high reversible capacity of 389 mAh g⁻¹ and maintain 370 mAh g⁻¹ after 100 cycles at 100 mA g⁻¹, indicating excellent cycling stability. Good rate properties are also achieved with reversible capacities of 292, 256, 223, 174 mAh g⁻¹ at 1, 2, 4, 6 A g⁻¹, respectively. The excellent electrochemical performance can be ascribed to the unique three-dimensional networks consisting of few-layered MoS₂ nanosheets, which facilitates sodium ion diffusion via near-surface reaction. Moreover, the robust three-dimensional carbon matrix can not only provide a conductive network, but also buffer the strain and maintain the electrode integrity during repeated sodiation/desodiation process. This strategy presents a new path for fabricating low-cost and high-yield three-dimensional metal sulfide (phosphide)/carbon composites for applications in energy-related fields and beyond.