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DNA-directed enzyme immobilization on Fe3O4 modified with nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots as a highly efficient and stable multi-catalyst system
- Shen, Hao, Song, Jiayi, Yang, Ye, Su, Ping, Yang, Yi
- Journal of materials science 2019 v.54 no.3 pp. 2535-2551
- DNA, bioactive properties, biotechnology, catalysts, catalytic activity, enzyme activity, enzyme kinetics, glucose oxidase, graphene, immobilized enzymes, iron oxides, magnetism, manufacturing, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, peroxidase, quantum dots
- The exploration of new tactics for manufacturing artificial immobilized multi-enzyme systems based on enzyme cascades has recently attracted considerable interest because of the urgent need for multi-enzyme catalysts and the high cost of free enzymes. Because of the inevitable limitations of native enzymes such as instability and storage issues, the development of nanozyme–enzyme cascades is needed. A versatile strategy was developed for fabricating an efficient multi-catalyst system by immobilizing glucose oxidase (GOx) on ferriferous oxide nanocomposites functionalized with nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (Fe₃O₄@N-GQDs) through DNA-directed immobilization. The Fe₃O₄@N-GQDs acted as a carrier for the natural enzyme and showed high peroxidase activity which enabled an enzyme cascade that included GOx to be set up. This multi-catalyst system showed great catalytic activity, reversibility and operational stability. The surfaces of GOx-targeted magnetic nanoparticles were regenerated by mild dehybridization of DNA. The Michaelis constant (Kₘ) and maximum initial velocity (Vₘₐₓ) of the multi-catalyst system were 1.069 mM and 11.2 × 10⁻⁸ M s⁻¹, respectively, which are considerably better than the corresponding values for adsorbed and free bienzyme combinations. The increased bioactivity of the multi-catalyst system is ascribed to the satisfactory peroxidase-like activity of Fe₃O₄@N-GQDs, the enzyme–promoting effect of the QDs and enhancement by DNA-directed immobilization. Because of the diverse range of possible nanozyme–enzyme combinations and high efficiency of this approach, this work provides a novel pathway for the manufacturing of synthetic enzyme catalyst systems, which have great potential in the field of biotechnology.