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High-frequency clonal propagation of Curcuma angustifolia ensuring genetic fidelity of micropropagated plants

Jena, Sudipta, Ray, Asit, Sahoo, Ambika, Sahoo, Suprava, Kar, Basudeba, Panda, Pratap Chandra, Nayak, Sanghamitra
Plant cell, tissue, and organ culture 2018 v.135 no.3 pp. 473-486
Curcuma angustifolia, DNA, Glycine max, adenine, benzyladenine, curcumin, essential oils, explants, flow cytometry, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, genetic stability, indole acetic acid, kinetin, medicinal plants, micropropagation, microsatellite repeats, plantlets, rhizomes, roots, shoots, tissue culture
A high-frequency clonal propagation protocol was developed for Curcuma angustifolia Roxb., a high valued traditional medicinal plant. Axillary bud explants of C. angustifolia were explanted on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium fortified with 4.4–22.2 µM 6-benzyladenine (BA), 2.9–5.7 µM indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), 2.3–23.2 µM kinetin (Kin), 2.7–5.4 µM naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and 67.8-271.5 µM adenine sulphate (Ads) in different combinations. The maximum number of shoots per explants (14.1 ± 0.55) and roots per shoot (7.6 ± 0.47) was achieved on media containing 13.3 µM BA, 5.7 µM IAA and 135.7 µM Ads. Stability in phytomedicinal yield potential of micropropagated plants was assessed through GC–MS and HPTLC. Gas chromatogram of essential oil of conventional and micropropagated plants of C. angustifolia had similar essential oil profile. HPTLC analysis of rhizome extracts of in vitro and field grown plants revealed no significant differences in the fingerprint pattern and in curcumin content. Genetic integrity of in vitro and field grown derived plants were evaluated with inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers and flow cytometry using Glycine max as an internal standard. A total of 1260 well resolved bands were generated by 12 ISSR primers showing monomorphic banding patterns across all plants analyzed. The mean 2C DNA content of conventionally and micropropagated plant was estimated to be 2.26 pg and 2.31 pg, respectively. As no somaclonal variations were detected in tissue culture plantlets, the present micropropagation protocol could be applied for in vitro conservation and large-scale production of C. angustifolia.