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Physicochemical characterization and determination of chloramphenicol residues and heavy metals in Algerian honeys
- Mehdi, Yamina, Mutlaq, Ashraf, Al-Balas, Qosay, Azzi, Elhanafi, Bouadjela, Lamia, Taïbi, Nadia, Dakiche, Hadjira, Touati, Lounis, Boudriche, Lilya, Bachari, Khaldoun
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.33 pp. 33322-33333
- acidity, antibiotic residues, apiculture, bees, cadmium, chloramphenicol, cities, copper, electrical conductivity, foods, fruits, grains, heavy metals, honey, humans, hydroxymethylfurfural, industrialization, iron, lead, legumes, magnesium, nickel, pH, pollution, sugars, toxicity, zinc, Algeria
- The concentration of certain heavy metals in various foods (fruits, cereals, legumes, and bee products) produced in industrial and urban cities is increasing each year following industrial development. Quality of honey and its contamination by different polluting agents are related essentially to its production environment, or it can arise from beekeeping practices. In the present study, the determination of physicochemical properties: moisture, pH, total acidity, electric conductivity, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), sugars, and chloramphenicol (CAP) residues; the metal content by determination of two toxic metals levels: lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd); and other trace elements: magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and nickel (Ni) in 23 different honey samples collected from North regions of Algeria were investigated. The physicochemical properties and the metal contents were found within the ranges established by the international standards. For the antibiotic residues, only four honey samples are contaminated by CAP. Metals were found in non-significant values and are in safety baseline levels for human consumption except Mg which exceed the limits. These results suggested that honey could be used as an indicator to detect contaminating agents from the environment since bees are excellent sentinels for assessing environmental contamination because of their physiological and biological characteristics.