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Enhancing enzymatic saccharification of sugarcane bagasse by combinatorial pretreatment and Tween 80

Zhang, Hongdan, Wei, Weiqi, Zhang, Jiajie, Huang, Shihang, Xie, Jun
Biotechnology for biofuels 2018 v.11 no.1 pp. 309
bioethanol, biomass, biotransformation, cellulose, economic feasibility, enzymatic hydrolysis, ethanol, glucose, hemicellulose, hydrolysis, lignin, lignocellulose, liquids, polysorbates, saccharification, sodium hydroxide, sugarcane bagasse, sulfuric acid
BACKGROUND: The recalcitrant structure of lignocellulosic biomass made it challenging for their bioconversion into biofuels and biochemicals. Pretreatment was required to deconstruct the intact structure by the removal of hemicellulose/lignin, improving the cellulose accessibility of enzyme. Combinatorial pretreatments with liquid hot water/H₂SO₄ and ethanol/NaOH of sugarcane bagasse were developed to improve enzymatic hydrolysis under mild conditions. RESULTS: After one-step 60% ethanol containing 0.5% NaOH pretreatment with solid to liquid ratio of 1/10, the glucose yield after hydrolysis for 72 h with enzyme dosage of 20 FPU/g substrate was enhanced by 41% and 205% compared to that of NaOH or 60% ethanol pretreated solids, respectively. This improvement was correlated with the removal of hemicellulose and lignin. However, using combinatorial pretreatments with 1% H₂SO₄ followed by 60% ethanol containing 0.5% NaOH, the highest glucose yield with Tween 80 reached 76%, representing 84.5% of theoretical glucose in pretreated substrate. While retaining similar glucose yield, the addition of Tween 80 capacitated either a reduction of enzyme loading by 50% or shortening hydrolysis time to 24 h. However, the enhancement with the addition of Tween 80 decreased as hydrolysis time was extended. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that a combinatorial pretreatment with 1% H₂SO₄ followed by 60% ethanol containing 0.5% NaOH had significant effects on improving the enzymatic hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse. The addition of Tween 80 enabled reducing the enzyme loading or shortening the hydrolysis time. This study provided an economically feasible and mild process for the generation of glucose, which will be subsequently converted to bioethanol and biochemicals.