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Crime, Culture Conflict and the Sources of Support for Gun Control : A Multilevel Application of the General Social Surveys
- KLECK, GARY
- TheAmerican behavioral scientist 1996 v.39 no.4 pp. 387-404
- Jews, cities, crime, fearfulness, national surveys, ownership, police, social class
- National survey data were combined with information about the cities in which urban respondents lived to determine whether support for gun control is increased by exposure to high crime rates, prior victimization, and fear of crime, or is a product of membership in social groups with cultures hostile to ownership and use of guns. Results indicate that support for gun permits is generally unrelated to crime-related variables but is heaviest among those social groups regarded as most hostile to gun ownership and its associated cultural traits. That is, support is stronger among liberals, higher-income persons, those with more schooling, Jews, and those who do not own guns or hunt. The results support the view that gun control support is more a product of culture conflict than a response to crime. Results for contextual variables also indicate that support is stronger in cities with more police and fewer gun owners per capita.