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Pm223899, a new recessive powdery mildew resistance gene identified in Afghanistan landrace PI 223899
- Li, Genqiao, Carver, Brett F., Cowger, Christina, Bai, Guihua, Xu, Xiangyang
- Theoretical and applied genetics 2018 v.131 no.12 pp. 2775-2783
- Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, alleles, breeding, disease resistance, fungi, genetic analysis, genomics, landraces, loci, microsatellite repeats, powdery mildew, recessive genes, resistance genes, wheat, Afghanistan, Great Plains region, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania
- KEY MESSAGE: A new recessive powdery mildew resistance gene, Pm223899, was identified in Afghanistan wheat landrace PI 223899 and mapped to an interval of about 831 Kb in the terminal region of the short arm of chromosome 1A. Wheat powdery mildew, a globally important disease caused by the biotrophic fungus Blumeria graminis f.sp. tritici (Bgt), has occurred with increased frequency and severity in recent years, and some widely deployed resistance genes have lost effectiveness. PI 223899 is an Afghanistan landrace exhibiting high resistance to Bgt isolates collected from the Great Plains. An F₂ population and F₂:₃ lines derived from a cross between PI 223899 and OK1059060-126135-3 were evaluated for response to Bgt isolate OKS(14)-B-3-1, and the bulked segregant analysis (BSA) approach was used to map the powdery mildew resistance gene. Genetic analysis indicated that a recessive gene, designated Pm223899, conferred powdery mildew resistance in PI 223899. Linkage analysis placed Pm223899 to an interval of about 831 Kb in the terminal region of chromosome 1AS, spanning 4,504,697–5,336,062 bp of the Chinese Spring reference sequence. Eight genes were predicted in this genomic region, including TraesCS1AG008300 encoding a putative disease resistance protein RGA4. Pm223899 was flanked proximally by a SSR marker STARS333 (1.4 cM) and distally by the Pm3 locus (0.3 cM). One F₂ recombinant was identified between Pm3 and Pm223899 using a Pm3b-specific marker, indicating that Pm223899 is most likely a new gene, rather than an allele of the Pm3 locus. Pm223389 confers a high level of resistance to Bgt isolates collected from Pennsylvania, Oklahoma, Nebraska, and Montana. Therefore, Pm223389 can be used to enhance powdery mildew resistance in these states. Pm3b-1 and STARS333 have the potential to tag Pm223389 in wheat breeding.