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A Model of Mixing of Four River Runoff Recharge Sources Using Hydrochemical Tracers in the Problem of Hydrograph Separation
- Gubareva, T. S., Gartsman, B. I., Solopov, N. V.
- Water resources 2018 v.45 no.6 pp. 827-838
- groundwater, hydrochemistry, hydrograph, mixing, rain, river water, rivers, runoff, statistical models, tracer techniques, watersheds
- Methods for the analysis of the formation of river water chemistry based on mixing models are discussed. An analytical solution for a mixing model of four recharge sources is given along with the results of its adaptation based on the materials of hydrochemical and hydrological observations over 2013 and 2014 in drainage basins in Primorski Krai. The analysis and calculations revealed four components of river recharge in these years: rainwater, two types of subsoil water, and groundwater, the latter forming the base runoff. The estimates of the mixing model with four sources and its tests showed a high quality of modeling.