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Long-Term Variations of Water Runoff and Suspended Sediment Yield in the Parana and Uruguay Rivers

Isupova, M. V., Mikhailov, V. N.
Water resources 2018 v.45 no.6 pp. 846-860
climatic factors, estuaries, rivers, runoff, sediment yield, surveys, suspended sediment, watersheds, Brazil, Uruguay, Uruguay River
The hydroclimatic conditions of water runoff formation and the hydrography of Parana and Uruguay river basins in the South America are considered. A survey of the recent studies of the hydrological regime of these rivers is given. Observation data are used to evaluate the long-term average values of water runoff and suspended sediment yield in the Parana and Uruguay and their variations along the rivers. Characteristics of many-year runoff variations in the rivers were evaluated. A climate-induced increase was identified in the Parana and Uruguay water runoff, and the corresponding present-day trends in river runoff variations in both rivers were evaluated. The total water runoff and suspended sediment yield of the Parana and Uruguay into La Plata estuary were calculated. Water balance of the drainage basin of La Plata estuary was characterized.