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Genome-wide identification, characterization, and expression analysis of superoxide dismutase (SOD) genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.)
- Wang, Tao, Song, Hui, Zhang, Baohong, Lu, Quanwei, Liu, Zhen, Zhang, Shulin, Guo, Ruilin, Wang, Cong, Zhao, Zilin, Liu, Jinrong, Peng, Renhai
- 3 Biotech 2018 v.8 no.12 pp. 486
- Oryza sativa, Setaria italica, Setaria viridis, abiotic stress, chromosomes, exons, introns, phylogeny, plant growth, proteins, reactive oxygen species, superoxide dismutase, tissues
- Superoxide dismutases (SODs) play important roles in plant growth, development, and response to abiotic stresses. Despite SOD gene families have been identified in various plant species, little is known in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.). In this study, a systematic analysis of SOD gene family was performed in foxtail millet and the expression pattern of SOD genes in response to abiotic stressors was analyzed at the whole-genomic level. Eight SOD genes were identified in foxtail millet, including 4 Cu/ZnSODs, 3 FeSODs, and 1 MnSOD. These SiSODs are unevenly distributed across 5 of the 9 chromosomes. Phylogenetic analysis showed that SOD proteins could be divided into two major categories (Cu/ZnSODs and Fe-MnSODs), containing seven subgroups, from foxtail millet and other plant species. SOD genes have conserved motif and exon/intron composition in the same subgroup among Setaria italica, Setaria viridis, and Oryza sativa. Additionally, many cis-elements that respond to different stressors were distributed at different densities in the promoters of 8 SiSODs. The expression patterns of SiSODs in different tissues and different abiotic stressors indicated that the SiSODs may play important roles in reactive oxygen species scavenging, caused by various stressors in foxtail millet. This study provides a foundation for the further cloning and functional verification of the SOD gene family response to environmental stimuli in foxtail millet.