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1,2-Benzoxathiin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide – new enol nucleophile in three-component interaction with benzaldehydes and active methylene nitriles
- Grygoriv, Galyna V., Lega, Dmitry A., Chernykh, Valentin P., Zaprutko, Lucjusz, Gzella, Andrzej K., Pawełczyk, Anna, Shemchuk, Leonid A.
- RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.65 pp. 37295-37302
- Lewis bases, aldehydes, ammonium acetate, catalysts, enols, nitriles, pyridines, salts
- The reactivity of 1,2-benzoxathiin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide was studied in multicomponent type reactions for the first time, namely, in a three-component interaction with active methylene nitriles and aromatic aldehydes in order to construct condensed 2-amino-4H-pyran derivatives. The reaction outcome strongly depended on the nature of an active methylene nitrile and an arenecarbaldehyde. Application of malononitrile resulted in novel 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-pyrano[3,2-c][1,2]benzoxathiine-3-carbonitrile 5,5-dioxides in most cases, whereas the utilization of ethyl cyanoacetate resulted in a complex mixture of products. In the last case, three different products were isolated depending on the arenecarbaldehyde used, namely ethyl 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-pyrano[3,2-c][1,2]benzoxathiine-3-carboxylate 5,5-dioxides, ethyl 2-cyano-3-arylacrylates, and salts of 3,3′-(arylmethylene)bis(4-hydroxybenzo[e][1,2]oxathiine 2,2-dioxides). Attempts to obtain separately ethyl 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-pyrano[3,2-c][1,2]benzoxathiine-3-carboxylate 5,5-dioxides enabled us to propose reaction pathways leading to these products. The salts were obtained for the first time. The preparative method for the synthesis of triethylammonium salts of 3,3′-(arylmethylene)bis(4-hydroxybenzo[e][1,2]oxathiine 2,2-dioxides) was proposed by the direct interaction of 1,2-benzoxathiin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide with arenecarbaldehydes. The application of ammonium acetate as a catalyst allowed us to synthesize 7-aryl-7,14-dihydrobenzo[5,6][1,2]oxathiino[4,3-b]benzo[5,6][1,2]oxathiino[3,4-e]pyridine 6,6,8,8-tetraoxides containing a novel heterocyclic system. These facts, combined with our past investigations, allowed us to assert that the reactivity of enol nucleophiles that include the COCH₂SO₂X fragment has not been reported previously.