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1,2-Benzoxathiin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide – new enol nucleophile in three-component interaction with benzaldehydes and active methylene nitriles

Grygoriv, Galyna V., Lega, Dmitry A., Chernykh, Valentin P., Zaprutko, Lucjusz, Gzella, Andrzej K., Pawełczyk, Anna, Shemchuk, Leonid A.
RSC advances 2018 v.8 no.65 pp. 37295-37302
Lewis bases, aldehydes, ammonium acetate, catalysts, enols, nitriles, pyridines, salts
The reactivity of 1,2-benzoxathiin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide was studied in multicomponent type reactions for the first time, namely, in a three-component interaction with active methylene nitriles and aromatic aldehydes in order to construct condensed 2-amino-4H-pyran derivatives. The reaction outcome strongly depended on the nature of an active methylene nitrile and an arenecarbaldehyde. Application of malononitrile resulted in novel 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-pyrano[3,2-c][1,2]benzoxathiine-3-carbonitrile 5,5-dioxides in most cases, whereas the utilization of ethyl cyanoacetate resulted in a complex mixture of products. In the last case, three different products were isolated depending on the arenecarbaldehyde used, namely ethyl 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-pyrano[3,2-c][1,2]benzoxathiine-3-carboxylate 5,5-dioxides, ethyl 2-cyano-3-arylacrylates, and salts of 3,3′-(arylmethylene)bis(4-hydroxybenzo[e][1,2]oxathiine 2,2-dioxides). Attempts to obtain separately ethyl 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-pyrano[3,2-c][1,2]benzoxathiine-3-carboxylate 5,5-dioxides enabled us to propose reaction pathways leading to these products. The salts were obtained for the first time. The preparative method for the synthesis of triethylammonium salts of 3,3′-(arylmethylene)bis(4-hydroxybenzo[e][1,2]oxathiine 2,2-dioxides) was proposed by the direct interaction of 1,2-benzoxathiin-4(3H)-one 2,2-dioxide with arenecarbaldehydes. The application of ammonium acetate as a catalyst allowed us to synthesize 7-aryl-7,14-dihydrobenzo[5,6][1,2]oxathiino[4,3-b]benzo[5,6][1,2]oxathiino[3,4-e]pyridine 6,6,8,8-tetraoxides containing a novel heterocyclic system. These facts, combined with our past investigations, allowed us to assert that the reactivity of enol nucleophiles that include the COCH₂SO₂X fragment has not been reported previously.