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Characterization of non-solvent precipitated starch using asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation coupled with multiple detectors

Fuentes, Catalina, Saari, Hisfazilah, Choi, Jaeyeong, Lee, Seungho, Sjöö, Malin, Wahlgren, Marie, Nilsson, Lars
Carbohydrate polymers 2019 v.206 pp. 21-28
acid hydrolysis, ambient temperature, anhydrides, aqueous solutions, corn starch, detectors, emulsions, ethanol, fractionation, molecular weight, starch granules, waxy corn
Non-solvent precipitated starch (non-SPS) is a novel component for starch-based emulsions. Herein, three non-SPS materials were prepared using ethanol as a precipitant of waxy maize starch granules (WMs). The WMs were either untreated (SP) or pre-treated via acid-hydrolysis (AHSP). In addition, SP was modified using n-octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA), yielding OSASP. This study aimed to investigate the influence of the non-SPS preparation method on the size, molar mass (M), and apparent density (ρapp) of the materials when subjected to different dissolution/dispersion procedures using asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4). The results showed that the molar mass, size, and apparent density depended on the type of non-SPS with a decrease in Mw (1.8–9.4 g/mol) and rrms (60–148 nm) upon re-dispersion in different media in the order: SP > OSASP > AHSP. Moreover, different types of non-SPS materials displayed different conformational properties and were stable in aqueous solution at room temperature in the investigated time (24 h).