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Conformational and charge changes induced by l-Arginine and l-lysine increase the solubility of chicken myosin

Li, Shiyi, Li, Linxian, Zhu, Xiaoxu, Ning, Cheng, Cai, Kezhou, Zhou, Cunliu
Food hydrocolloids 2019 v.89 pp. 330-336
Raman spectroscopy, arginine, chickens, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, hydrocolloids, hydrophobicity, lysine, myosin, solubility
The paper investigated the mechanism that l-arginine (Arg)/l-lysine (Lys) affected myosin solubility by spectroscopic technologies and chemical probes. The results showed that Arg and Lys increased myosin solubility. However, neither Arg, nor Lys changed the Raman pattern of myosin. Raman spectra disclosed that Arg and Lys decreased the intensity at 753 cm−1, but increased the intensity at 1,234, 1,448, and 2934 cm−1 and the I853/830 and I3287/3443 ratio, and caused a red-shift at 1656 and 2934 cm−1. Fluorescence spectra showed that Arg/Lys caused the reduced intensity and red-shift peak position of myosin. Arg and Lys slightly affected total reactive sulfhydryl content, increased the ANS-based hydrophobicity and reactive sulfhydryl content, but decreased the PRODAN-based hydrophobicity. Our results collectively demonstrated that Arg and Lys induced myosin to partially unfold and gain more negative charges, which overall enhanced the interaction between myosin and water, ultimately contributing to the increased solubility of myosin.