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Application of isotopic and elemental fingerprints in identifying the geographical origin of goat milk in China

Liu, Hongyan, Zhao, Qingyu, Guo, Xiaoqing, Tang, Chaohua, Yu, Xiaonan, Zhan, Tengfei, Qin, Yuchang, Zhang, Junmin
Food chemistry 2019 v.277 pp. 448-454
barium, carbon, casein, deuterium, discriminant analysis, drinking water, farms, goat milk, lipids, milk, nickel, nitrogen, oxygen, provenance, rubidium, soil, stable isotopes, strontium, zinc, China
In the study, the samples of goat milk, feed, soil and drinking water were firstly collected from nine farms of three provinces in China, the stable isotopic ratios (δ13C, δ15N, δ2H and δ18O) in casein, lipid of milk, feed, and drinking water and the contents of 11 elements in milk and soil were determined. Statistical analysis indicated that except the content of Zn, other variables in milk showed significant differences among two or three regions. Significant correlations were found for δ13C between casein and lipid (r = 0.953, P < 0.05) and for δ2H between casein and milk water (r = 0.816, P < 0.05). The δ2H and δ18O in casein and milk water were identical to that in corresponding drinking water. Finally, seven key variables (δ15Ncasein, δ18Ocasein, Ni, Se, Rb, Sr and Ba) were selected by stepwise canonical discriminant analysis and the correct classification rate reached 100%.