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Applying microarray-based technique to study and analyze silkworm (Bombyx mori) transcriptomic response to long-term high iron diet

Zhou, Yang, Wang, Yingying, Li, Xiaofeng, Peprah, Frank Addai, Wang, Xiaochen, Liu, Haitao, Lin, Feng, Gu, Jie, Yu, Feng, Shi, Haifeng
Genomics 2019 v.111 no.6 pp. 1504-1513
Bombyx mori, carboxypeptidases, diet, ferritin, fungi, gene expression regulation, genes, hemolymph, intestines, iron, iron overload, microarray technology, mucins, mulberries, nutrient availability, peptidoglycans, proteinase inhibitors, serine proteinases, silkworms, transcription (genetics), transcriptomics, transferrin
To investigate the biological processes affected by long-term iron supplementation, newly hatched silkworms were exposed to high iron mulberry diet (10 and 100 ppm) and its effect on silkworm transcriptom was determined. The results showed that the silkworm was responsive to iron by increasing iron concentration and ferritin levels in the hemolymph and by regulating the expression of many other genes. A total of 523 and 326 differentially expressed genes were identified in 10 and 100 ppm Fe group compared to the control, respectively. Of these genes, 249 were shared between in both the 10 ppm and 100 ppm Fe group, including 152 up-regulated and 97 down-regulated genes. These shared genes included 19 known Fe regulated, 24 immune-related, 12 serine proteases and serine proteases homologs, 41 cuticular and cuticle genes. Ten genes (carboxypeptidases A, serine protease homologs 85, fibrohexamerin/P25, transferrin, sex-specific storage-protein 2, fungal protease inhibitor F, insect intestinal mucin, peptidoglycan recognition protein B, cuticle protein CPH45, unknown gene) were involved in the regulation of iron overload responses.