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Enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass at high-solids loadings through fed-batch operation

Hernández-Beltrán, Javier Ulises, Hernández-Escoto, Héctor
Biomass and bioenergy 2018 v.119 pp. 191-197
batch systems, bioethanol, biomass, bioreactors, enzymatic hydrolysis, ethanol production, fermentation, hydrolysates, lignocellulose, mixing, pH, reducing sugars, straw, temperature
A fed-batch approach in stirred tank bioreactors for achieving enzymatic hydrolysis with a high load of lignocellulosic mass is described in this paper. This approach allows ease of mixing, increasing the load of a higher concentration of biomass without performance decrease, in comparison with the typical batch process, and consequently it provides a higher concentration of reducing sugars for a down-stream fermentation process; additionally, the fed-batch process times are shorter than the ones that have been reported so far. The work basically consisted of experiments in fed-batch operation with final sorghum straw loadings of 5, 10, 15 and 20% w v−1, using a commercial enzyme complex, and conventional batch experiments for comparison purposes. Without typical operation problems of batch processes such as the lack of effective initial mixing and difficult adjustment of pH and temperature, hydrolysate broths up to a reducing sugars concentration of 130 g L−1 were obtained. Finally, hydrolysates were fermented to verify effective bioethanol production, reaching concentrations of bioethanol of 48 g L−1.