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The non-toxigenic strain of Clostridioides difficile Z31 can prevent infection by C. difficile in experimental model piglets

Oliveira Júnior, Carlos Augusto, Silva, Rodrigo Otávio Silveira, Cruz, Diogo Soares Gonçalves, Pires, Isadora Honorato, Guedes, Roberto Maurício Carvalho, Faria Lobato, Francisco Carlos
Anaerobe 2019 v.55 pp. 24-28
Clostridium difficile, dogs, feces, hamsters, humans, inoculum, models, nontoxigenic strains, oral administration, piglets, signs and symptoms (animals and humans), spores, toxins
One of the main challenges associated with Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) in humans and domestic animals is the lack of an effective preventive strategy. One strategy with promising results is the oral administration of non-toxigenic strains of C. difficile (NTCD). Recently, Z31, a NTCD strain isolated from a healthy dog, showed promising results to prevent CDI in hamsters. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the capacity of Z31 to prevent CDI in piglets using an experimental model. Twenty neonatal piglets were randomly distributed in three groups: G1 - 106 spores of Z31 followed by 107 spores of a toxigenic C. difficile strain (n = 7), G2 (positive control) - 107 spores of a toxigenic C. difficile strain (n = 7), and G3 (negative control) - no biological inoculum (n = 6). All animals were kept in individual insulators and observed for 60 h. Data regarding clinical signs, macro and microscopic lesions, toxigenic culture of C. difficile, and detection of A/B toxins in the feces were evaluated. All evaluated parameters were significantly lower in animals that received Z31 compared to the positive control. Thus, oral administration of Z31 was able to prevent CDI in piglets in an experimental model.